BIGÁS

giniling na butil ng palay

bigás
unhusked, uncooked rice

kanin
cooked rice

palay
rice plant

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PALAY

Palay

palay
rice plant

punla ng palay
seedling of rice

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KANIN

lutong bigas (cooked rice)

kanin
cooked rice

bigas
uncooked rice

 palay
rice plant / unmilled rice

Paano Magsaing ng Bigas 
How to Cook Rice

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BILAO

A bilao is a flat round-shaped rice winnower, a traditional implement in the Philippines. It is usually made from woven wood.

To winnow is to free grain from the lighter particles of chaff, dirt, small stones, etc., especially by throwing it into the air and perhaps allowing the wind to blow away impurities.

Up until a few decades ago, you would see a bilao hanging in the back of the house by the kitchen. And you’d see women using a bilao to adroitly “turn” (toss) white rice grains on it for the purpose of removing unwanted particles, like small stones.

Suman on Bilao
Suman on Bilao

These days, you’re more likely to see the bilao used as a food container. So now, you’re most likely to see it lined with banana leaves on top of which a lot of food is arranged.

Click here to learn a few related Tagalog words.

RECIPE: Biko (Sweetened Rice)

Biko is a sweet rice delicacy that’s traditionally served on New Year’s Eve. The essential ingredients are malagkit (glutinous or sticky rice), gata (coconut milk) and brown sugar.

BIKO Recipe for 10 servings

Biko (Filipino Rice Treat)

Click here for the ingredients and procedure!

NFA

This is an abbreviation of a government agency.

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TUTONG

nasunog na kanin
burnt rice

tutong
burnt rice
(the layer of crunchy rice at
the bottom of the pot)

tutong 
burnt rice in the bottom of the pot

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Rice Festivals in the Philippines

Both people who live in the mountains and people who stay on the lowlands enjoy rice as their main food. Growing rice, however is much more difficult in the mountains, especially in the craggy hills of Northern Luzon.

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