While still in Dapitan, Jose Rizal met an 18-year-old petite Irish girl named Josephine Bracken. Her agreement to marry made him suspect her of being an agent of the Spanish friars. She eventually became his common-law wife.
Below is a carved portrait of Josefina Bracken based on a photograph.
Photograph of Josephine Bracken as Mrs. José Rizal in Dapitan. Rumors were that she miscarried Rizal’s child after he played a prank on her.
This is a summary of the history of the Philippines from prehistoric times to the arrival of the Spaniards and Portuguese.
Traces of oldest skeletal remains on Palawan Island
Austronesian people begin arriving in the Philippines via Taiwan
Philippine ports begin trading with China, Southeast Asia and India
Philippine trading intensifies under the Sri-Vijaya Empire (Indonesia)
Muslim (Arab and Persian) trading ports begin to form in Southeast Asia
Ming Chinese traders dominate the sea lanes
Prince Parameswara converts Malacca into a great Muslim sea emporium
Sayyid Abuy Bakhr establishes Sulu as a prominent center of Muslim trade and culture
Pope Alexander VI issues Treaty of Tordesillas
The Portuguese, under Vasco da Gama, reach West India
Ferdinand Magellan arrives in the Philippines. King Lapu-Lapu defeats Magellan, whose flotillas then sail away
The Portuguese capture Macau and toll all Southeast Asian trade to the Arab coast
Arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi who begins Spain’s colonization of Las Islas Filipinas
Beginning of galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco
The Tagalog word for ‘history’ is kasaysayan.
Summary in Tagalog of Apolinario Mabini’s Decalogue for Filipinos, a work to which he himself referred to as “The True Decalogue.”
Continue reading “Ang Dekalogo ni Apolinario Mabini”