Official Holidays in the Philippines 2017

February 25 (Saturday) marks the EDSA People Power Revolution Anniversary. It’s a Special Non-Working Day.

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Annual Festivals of the Philippines

2017 Dinagyang Festival in Iloilo: January 20-22

Listahan ng Mga Taunang Kapistahan sa Pilipinas

Filipino Celebrations: Feasts & Festivals
Filipino Celebrations: Feasts & Festivals

PHILIPPINE FESTIVALS IN JANUARY

Ati-Atihan Festival in Kalibo, Aklan – January

Sinulog Festival of Cebu – third Sunday of January

Dinagyang Festival in Iloilo – January 20-22, 2017

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Moriones Festival of Marinduque

Moriones Festival 2016

March 25 is Good Friday with flagellantes (self-flogging by penitents).

March 26 is Black Saturday (Pugutan or Beheading of Longhinus – Senakulo).

March 27 is Easter Sunday with the Salubong and Easter Holy Mass. At 3:00 pm is the Gasang-Gasang Street Dancing Festival.

The Moriones Festival is a folk-religious event held annually during Holy Week on the island of Marinduque, considered the geographical heart of the Philippines.

Moriones Festival Costumes
Moriones Festival Costumes
The word “Morion” refers to the visor of the helmet that is associated with the armor of Roman soliders.  The  word “Moriones” refers to the local inhabitants who dress up in costumes and masks of Roman soldiers during Biblical times. These costumed locals are farmers and fishermen who engage in the street theater as a form of penitence.

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Filipino? Tagalog? Pilipino?

The basis for the Philippine national language is Tagalog, which had primarily been spoken only in Manila and the surrounding provinces when the Commonwealth constitution was drawn up in the 1930s. That constitution provided for a national language, but did not specifically designate it as Tagalog because of objections raised by representatives from other parts of the country where Tagalog was not spoken. It merely stated that a national language acceptable to the entire populace (and ideally incorporating elements from the diverse languages spoken throughout the islands) would be a future goal. Tagalog, of course, by virtue of being the lingua franca of those who lived in or near the government capital, was the predominant candidate.

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Ilocano or Ilokano

Ilocano is a language very distinct from Tagalog. Variously spelled as Ilocano, Ilokano, Ilukano, Ilucano, Iluko, Iloco or Iloko, it is the third most-spoken language in the Philippines. Continue reading “Ilocano or Ilokano”

What is Tagalog?

The Philippines is a country with a population of over 100 million. A citizen of the Philippines is called a Filipino.

Filipinos are not one ethnic group. Among the large ethnic groups in the Philippines are the Ilocano, Cebuano, Kapampangan, Pangasinense, Bicolano and Tagalog.

Tagalog is the name of an ethnic group in the Philippines. The language they speak is Tagalog.

The Tagalogs (the Tagalog people) speak the Tagalog language. Likewise, the Ilocanos speak the Ilocano language, and the Pangasinense speak the Pangansinan language. These are all very different languages; they are NOT just dialects.

Many of the Tagalog people live near Manila, the political and economic capital of the Philippines. When the 1935 constitution was drafted by government officials, they selected Tagalog as the basis of the national language.

In order not to slight the other ethnic groups, the national language was not called Tagalog, but Pilipino. Later, in the 1987 constitution, the national language was called Filipino, with an F.

The national language (Filipino) is to include not only words from Tagalog, but also from other Philippine and foreign languages.

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Basic Cebuano Phrases

Sebuwano is a language very distinct from Tagalog, but we get enough inquiries about Cebuano that we decided to list a few basic phrases.

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FILIPINO

In the English language, the word Filipino often refers to something from or related to the Philippines.

For examples:

  • Filipino cuisine – food associated with the Philippines
  • Filipino people – ethnic group that identifies with the Philippines
  • Filipino language – national language of the Philippines
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