Summary of the American Colonial Period

The rule of the United States over the Philippines had two phases.

The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. Political organizations developed quickly, and the popularly elected Philippine Assembly (lower house) and the U.S.-appointed Philippine Commission (upper house) served as a bicameral legislature. The ilustrados formed the Federalista Party, but their statehood platform had limited appeal. In 1905 the party was renamed the National Progressive Party and took up a platform of independence. The Nacionalista Party was formed in 1907 and dominated Filipino politics until after World War II. Its leaders were not ilustrados. Despite their “immediate independence” platform, the party leaders participated in a collaborative leadership with the United States. A major development emerging in the post-World War I period was resistance to elite control of the land by tenant farmers, who were supported by the Socialist Party and the Communist Party of the Philippines. Tenant strikes and occasional violence occurred as the Great Depression wore on and cash-crop prices collapsed.
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Philippine Economy: Spanish Period

The Philippine Economy During the Spanish Colonial Period

Ferdinand Magellan was the first European recorded to have landed in the Philippines. He arrived in March 1521 during his circumnavigation of the globe. He claimed land for the king of Spain but was killed by a local chief.

Following several more Spanish expeditions, the first permanent settlement was established in Cebu in 1565. After defeating a local Muslim ruler, the Spanish set up their capital at Manila in 1571, and they named their new colony after King Philip II of Spain. In doing so, the Spanish sought to acquire a share in the lucrative spice trade, develop better contacts with China and Japan, and gain converts to Christianity. Only the third objective was eventually realized.

As with other Spanish colonies, church and state became inseparably linked in carrying out Spanish objectives. Several Roman Catholic religious orders were assigned the responsibility of Christianizing the local population. The civil administration built upon the traditional village organization and used traditional local leaders to rule indirectly for Spain. Through these efforts, a new cultural community was developed, but Muslims (known as Moros by the Spanish) and upland tribal peoples remained detached and alienated.

Trade in the Philippines centered around the “Manila galleons,” which sailed from Acapulco on the west coast of Mexico (New Spain) with shipments of silver bullion and minted coin that were exchanged for return cargoes of Chinese goods, mainly silk textiles and porcelain. There was no direct trade with Spain and little exploitation of indigenous natural resources. Most investment was in the galleon trade. But, as this trade thrived, another unwelcome element was introduced — sojourning Chinese entrepreneurs and service providers. Continue reading “Philippine Economy: Spanish Period”

Official Holidays in the Philippines 2017

Next holiday: June 26 for Eid’l Fitr

Walang pasok: Hunyo 26 para sa Eid’l Fitr
No work or classes for the Muslim end of Ramadan on June 26.

Inilabas ng Malacañang ang Proclamation No. 235 na nagdedeklara na regular holiday ang Hunyo 26 para sa pagdiriwang ng Eid’l Fitr ng mga Muslim.

Ang deklarasyon ay naaayon sa Republic Act 9177, Eid’l Fitr o ang Feast of Ramadhan kung saan ito ang pagtatapos ng Ramadan.

“Whereas, the entire Filipino nation should have the full opportunity to join their Muslim brothers and sisters in peace and harmony in the observance and celebration of Eid’l Fitr.”

Sa Article 169 ng 1977 Presidential Decree 1083 ay nakasaad na kinikilala ang Eid al-Fitr bilang isa sa mga legal Muslim holidays.

Ang mga magtatrabaho sa naturang araw ay makatatanggap ng 200 porsiyento ng kanilang arawang kita.

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News on Business in the Philippines

The truth about Ramar Foods’ Magnolia Ice Cream in the USA. Watch the video below from the real Magnolia Ice Cream of the Philippines.

Note that Ramar Foods is NOT the Magnolia ice cream you knew growing up in the Philippines. Always check the label.

Boycott Ramar’s Orientex Lumpia!! Boycott Ramar’s Magnolia Imitation!!

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Philippine Geography (Song)

Philippine Geography is a delightful song by the hilarious Filipino singer Yoyoy Villame. It serves as a useful mnemonic for the many important cities, provinces and regions of the Philippines!


Philippines has a great history, according to our geography
Manila is the capital city, docking point from the other country
Metro Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Pasay, Makati, Marikina, Pasig,
Zapote, Malabon, Las Piñas, Parañaque

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Filipino? Tagalog? Pilipino?

The basis for the Philippine national language is Tagalog, which had primarily been spoken only in Manila and the surrounding provinces when the Commonwealth constitution was drawn up in the 1930s. That constitution provided for a national language, but did not specifically designate it as Tagalog because of objections raised by representatives from other parts of the country where Tagalog was not spoken. It merely stated that a national language acceptable to the entire populace (and ideally incorporating elements from the diverse languages spoken throughout the islands) would be a future goal. Tagalog, of course, by virtue of being the lingua franca of those who lived in or near the government capital, was the predominant candidate.

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Mga Kalihim (Cabinet Secretaries)

Mga Kagawaran at Kalihim ng Pamahalaang Pilipinas

This page is currently being updated due to the transition to the new administration under President Rodrigo Duterte in mid-2016. There are still a few departments that need to be added.

Gabinete ng Pilipinas

Ang mga kalihim ng Gabinete ay inaatasang payuhan ang Pangulo sa iba’t ibang gawain ng estado.

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Basic Cebuano Phrases

Sebuwano is a language very distinct from Tagalog, but we get enough inquiries about Cebuano that we decided to list a few basic phrases.

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