Mazurka Boholana is a Spanish-inspired ballroom dance from the Bohol province of the Philippines. The country was under the rule of Spain for more than three hundred years, during which time local culture was markedly influenced. Although the mazurka is the Polish national dance, it was wildly popular throughout Europe in the 19th century and even in colonized lands overseas. The Philippine dance is ordinarily performed by men and women partners.
Philippine dances derived from Spanish influences, such as the Mazurka Boholana, are classified as Sayawing Maria Clara (Maria Clara Dances). Maria Clara is the main female character in the Spanish-era novel Noli Me Tangere, written by Filipino national hero Jose Rizal. Maria Clara also refers to a women’s style of clothing popular during Spanish times, which is worn as traditional Filipino costume even today. Filipina performers of dances like the Mazurka Boholana each wear a Maria Clara.