root word: aral, meaning ‘lesson’

to study, learn

Mag-aral kang mag-Tagalog.
Learn Tagalog. = Study Tagalog.

Ayokong mag-aral ngayon.
I don’t want to study right now.

Gusto kong mag-aral.
I want to study.

Hindi ko kailangang mag-aral ng Ingles.
I don’t need to study English.

Nag-aaral ako ngayon.
I am studying now.