Juan Luna was born in Ilocos Norte on October 23, 1857, and died in Hong Kong on December 7, 1899.
The Filipino artist Juan Luna was the son of poor parents and was a second mate on board a sailing ship when his gifts were recognized. Means were furnished him with which to study in Rome, where his talent proved exceptional.
The “Spoliarium” he painted in Rome in 1884 gained the second prize at the Madrid Academy Exhibition of Oil Paintings, and the municipality of Barcelona purchased it for the City Hall. Other famous paintings of his are “The Battle of Lepanto,” “The Death of Cleopatra,” and “The Blood Compact.”