Calamansi (spelled kalamansi in native Tagalog orthography) is a small, very round citrus fruit that’s ubiquitous in the Philippines. The fruits are often used when the thin rind is still green on the outside, and that is the color associated with it.
Santol is the name of the fruit of a tree that has the scientific name Sandoricum koetjape. It is native to Southeast Asia where it is called gratawn (กระท้อน) in Thai, kompem reach in Khmer, tong in Lao and donka in Sinhalese.
The French refer to it as faux mangoustanier, while in English it’s been called wild mangosteen, COTTONFRUIT or sandor. Previously, it had been given the scientific names Sandoricum indicum and Sandoricum nervosum.
The mabolo is the fruit of the Philippine tree with the scientific name Diospyros blancoi. It is sometimes spelled mabulo.
In English, it has been known as velvet apple or velvet persimmon. The adjective velvet is a reference to the fruit’s skin, which is thin but tough and papery. Mabolo should be peeled before being eaten.
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This word is from the Spanish naranjita (meaning: “small orange”).
Dalanghita is the name of a small, plump citrus fruit whose rind is primarily green. Its scientific name is Citrus nobilis.
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The kamatsile is the fruit of a plant having the scientific name Pithecellobium dulce. It is native to Central and northern South America, and was introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. The Spaniards call it guamachil or guamúchil. Filipinos also spell it as camachile, camachili and kamatsili.
The Filipino fruit balimbing has the scientific name Averrhoa carambola. It’s called a star fruit in English because when you cut it crosswise, the shape you see is is that of a star. (To compare, when you cut a watermelon in half, the shape you see is a circle.)
This word is from the Spanish naranja (meaning: orange).
The Tagalog word dalandan refers to a variety of citrus fruit native to the Philippines.
The scientific name of the fruit that Filipinos refer to as dalandan is Citrus aurantium. It had also been known by these scientific names in the past: Citrus vulgaris Risso, Citrus longispina Wester and Citrus sinensis Osbeck. Continue reading “DALANDAN”
Did you know that… the banana’s parent plant isn’t a tree but an herb, and the fruit itself is a berry?