BANGUS

Scientific name: Chanos chanos

Known as one of the boniest fishes in the world, the milkfish is the quintessential fish in Philippine cuisine — dried, grilled, stuffed, or used as a primary ingredient in sinigang or paksiw.

bangús
milkfish

 

Bonuan bangús from Dagupan, Pangasinan

Dagupan City in Pangasinan Province holds a Bangus Festival every year in April. The area is well known for their milkfish products.
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KAPAK

This is not a common word.

kapak
(immature) mullet

isdang kapak
fish from the Mugilidae family

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SARDINAS

This word is from the Spanish language.

sardinas
sardines

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TILAPYA

Tilapia is the common name for nearly a hundred species of cichlid fishes that are native to Africa.

tilapya
tilapia fish

 
Spelling variations in Tagalog: tilapiya, talapya, talapiya

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GALUNGGONG

Galunggong is a widely eaten fish in the Philippines. It is so popular that many Filipinos joke that it’s the national fish.

The most common way to cook galunggong is by simple pan-frying, as was done to the fish in the photo. Serve with steamed white rice, and perhaps a dipping sauce of sukà or toyomansi, you’ve got yourself an enjoyable meal.

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LABAHITA

Scientific names of this Philippine fish: Acanthurus olivaceus, Acanthurus pyroferus, Acanthurus thompsoni, Acanthurus triostegus

labahita
surgeonfish

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JEPROKS

from the English word projects
orthodox Tagalog spelling: dyeproks
stylistic spelling: jeprox
faux-pretentious spelling: jefrox

jeproks
spoiled brat

This is Filipino slang from the 70s and 80s. The word refers to the affluent “projects” (neighborhoods) of Quezon City. Transpose the syllables in the word ‘projects’ to get jeproks.
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