Ferdinand Marcos (1917 – 1989) was president of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was elected by popular vote in 1965 and infamously declared martial law on September 21, 1972. As a result of the People Power revolution in February 1986, he was ousted and lived in exile in Honolulu, Hawaii, where he died in 1989.
He and his wife Imelda had four children: Maria Imelda “Imee” Marcos, Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos, Jr., Irene Marcos and Aimee Marcos, who was adopted. Imelda Marcos is known around the world for her extensive shoe collection. Her nickname is the “Steel Butterfly.”
In 1988, Sterling Seagrave published the much-acclaimed biography Marcos Dynasty, which also serves as an excellent book on Philippine history. Seagrave also later wrote about Ferdinand Marcos and Yamashita’s gold, the alleged loot stolen in Southeast Asia by Japanese forces during World War II and hidden in caves, tunnels and underground complexes in the Philippines. This treasure was reported to have been found by Rogelio Roxas, from whom Marcos seized it. An American court granted Roxas $13 billion in his lawsuit against the Marcos estate in the 1990s.
Ferdinand Marcos was on the cover of the October 21, 1966, issue of Time magazine. He also shared the cover with Corazon Aquino in its February 3, 1986, issue.