Family Terms in Tagalog

The Filipino words for ‘family’ are the Spanish-derived pamilya and the native Tagalog mag-anak.

kamag-anak
a relative

asawa
spouse
(wife / husband)

mag-asawa
a married couple

kapatid
sibling
(brother / sister)

magkapatid
to be siblings

magulang
parents

ama
father

ina
mother

tatay
dad

nanay
mom

anak
child

ate
older sister

kuya
older brother

panganay
eldest child

bunso
youngest child

apo
grandchild

lolo
grandfather

lola
grandmother

tiyo
uncle

tiya
aunt

pamangkin
niece / nephew

pinsan
cousin

biyenan
parent-in-law

manugang
child-in-law
(son-in-law /
daughter-in-law)

balae
child-in-law’ s parents

bayaw
brother-in-law

hipag
sister-in-law


inaanak
godchild

ninong
godfather

ninang
godmother

kinakapatid
godparent’s child