Many ignorant people, even Filipinos who should know better, frequently refer to Tagalog, Ilocano, Kapampangan as “dialects” of the Philippines. This is very, very wrong!!!
Tausug, Ivatan, Hiligaynon, Tagalog, Ilokano, Bisaya, Sinama, Bikol, Chabacano, Akeanon, Bajaw, and Kapampangan are NOT mere dialects. Each is a distinct language.
Would you refer to Italian as a dialect of Spanish? No!!! Do you refer to Dutch as a dialect of German? No!!!
The Philippines is an archipelago of over 7,000 islands comprising more than a hundred distinct ethnic groups with their own languages. This diversity is incomprehensible to those who’ve lived in homogenous communities for most of their lives.
A Tagalog-speaking person from Manila will not be able to communicate well enough with a person from Bicol who is speaking Bikol.
Each language may have its own dialects. For example, the Tagalog language has the Tayabasin and Bulakenyo dialects, among others.
People speaking various dialects of the same language can understand each other. If you cannot understand what the other person is saying, then that person is speaking another LANGUAGE.
Magkaiba ang wika ‘pag di nagkakaintindihan ang mga tagapagsalita nito. The languages are different if the speakers cannot understand each other.
Nagkakaintindihan ang mga tagapagsalita ng magkakaibang diyalekto ng parehong wika. Speakers of different dialects of the same language can understand each other.