ILAN

tanong kung gaano karami

Ilan?
How many?

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AT

The Tagalog word at is a conjunction. It is translated into English as ‘and.’

at
and

itim at puti
black and white

ako at ikaw
me and you

mansanas, ubas at pakwan
apples, grapes and watermelon

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ANG

The Tagalog word ang is often translated as ‘the’ but it does not always have an English translation.
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ABO

Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent) is on March 1st, 2017.

sinisa, titis; gabok, alabok

abó
ash, dust

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NA

Two common uses for the word na.

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GATILYO

This word is from the Spanish gatillo.

gatilyo
trigger

gatilyo ng baril
trigger of gun

ang daliri sa gatilyo
the finger on the trigger

Para sa makata, ang talinghaga’y gatilyong pamuksa laban sa karahasan.

MAG-

The Tagalog prefix mag- is used to verbalize nouns. You can translate it as ‘do’ in most cases, but the meaning depends on the context. This is very useful because you can put it in front of English nouns. Filipinos do this all the time! That’s why when you hear them speaking Tagalog, there seems to be a lot of English words sprinkled in.

Mag-tennis tayo.
Let’s ‘do’ tennis.
(Let’s play tennis.)

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PRANGKISA

prangkisa = franchise