Native Filipino Beliefs

The Philippines is a predominantly Christian nation on account of 300 years of Spanish rule. It is estimated that 81% of the population is Roman Catholic. In the south on the large island of Mindanao, many are adherents of Islam. Filipino Muslims make up about five percent of the national population.

Animism or folk religion encompassing indigenous spiritual traditions from pre-colonial times still prevail even among baptized members of formal churches. Superstitious beliefs are widespread. Continue reading “Native Filipino Beliefs”


Filipino Christians

The Filipino word for ‘religion’ is relihiyon.

The Philippines is a predominantly Christian nation as a result of 300 years of Spanish rule.

There is a Philippine Independent Church, known as Iglesia Filipina Independiente or Aglipayan Church (after its first head Gregorio Aglipay); it is affiliated with the Anglican Communion.

Another independent church was founded in 1914 by Felix Manalo; it is a unitarian religious organization known as Iglesia ni Cristo.

Missionaries of the Jehovah’s Witnesses arrived in the Philippines during the American colonial rule (1898-1945). There are now 150,000 members in the country.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints has 600,000 Mormon members in the Philippines.

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Ang Sampung Utos ng Diyos

The Ten (10) Commandments of God are listed twice in the Bible — first in Chapter 20 of the Book of Exodus, and also in Chapter 5 of the Deuteronomy. Most Filipinos being Christian, the Bible is read and taught widely in the Philippines.

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Religion in the Philippines

This page was posted in the year 2010.

Main Religions in the Philippines

(2000 census)

Roman Catholic 80.9%
Muslim 5%
Evangelical 2.8%
Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%
Aglipayan 2%
other Christian 4.5%
other 1.8%
unspecified 0.6%
none 0.1%
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ANITO

Mga diyos na pinapaniwalaan ng mga sinaunang Pilipino bago dumating ang mga Kastila sa Pilipinas.

Deities (“gods”) that ancient Filipinos believed in before the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines.

anito
native idol
(religious idolatry)

mga anito
religious idols

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GABÂ

gabâ
negative karma

gabâ
divine retribution

gabâ
evil effect on a person because of his malice

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Bathala, the Tagalog God

Bathala, the God of the Tagalogs

The word Bathala is believed to have come from the Sanskrit Bhattara Guru or “the highest of the gods.”

In Philippine mythology, the highest-ranking god of the ancient Tagalog people is Bathala, also known as or Maykapal or Abba. Bathala is the creator of all things — the sea, the sky, the earth, and all the plants. He dwelt in the highest realm of the sky. No one knows where Bathala came from. One day, he simply appeared (in different versions, heralded by flood, fire or strong earthquake) and announced his authority over the world. So great and powerful is Bathala that no one dares question his demand for obedience and reverence. He is often imagined as very humanlike. Continue reading “Bathala, the Tagalog God”

Filipino Muslims

Filipino Muslims make up about five percent of the Philippine population.

MUSLIM TERMS IN PHILIPPINE RELIGION

adat
Islamic customary law that sometimes conflicts with Philippine jurisprudence and thus an issue in Muslim-Christian relations

datu
title for a local Muslim leader

hadji
religious pilgrimage to Mecca made by the Muslim faithful

imam
prayer leader in a mosque

madrasa
an Islamic religious school

naga
stylized serpent used as an artistic motif by Filipino Moslems

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