KILIG

The Tagalog word kilig was officially made part of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in March/April 2016, apparently due to the influence of the Taglish phrase kilig to the bones.

kilig
to tremble, shudder

kilig
giddiness

kinikilig
feeling giddy

kiligin
to be tickled pink

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BASTOS

walang-galang, mahalay; magaspang, bulgar, mumurahin

bastos
rude, impertinent
impolite, vulgar

If you tell a woman a crude joke, you are very bastos. To answer back to your grandmother or anyone older than you is bastos in Filipino culture.

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MANYAKIS

derived from the English ‘sex maniac’

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MALAMBING

root word: lambing

malambing
affectionate
(caring in words too,
but often touchy-feely)

malambing
sweet and warm in caressing,
shows fondness and tenderness

Malambing ang pusa.
The cat is affectionate.
(It sweetly rubs itself against you.)

Malalambing ang mga Pilipina.
Filipinas are affectionate.

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MATARAY

An adjective used to describe women who are contemptuous in speech.

root word: taray, meaning arrogance or snobbishness

Ang taray niya!
My, she’s so sassy!


The Tagalog word mataray is used to describe women who answer you back in a sharp, snappy way.

Filipino women are socially expected to be nice and modest. Any woman who answers back bluntly or brusquely is given the label mataray and is associated with pretentiousness and bitchiness.

A Filipina actress who has iconically managed to use her mataray image as an asset is Maricel Soriano.

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SUMBAT

This word has multiple meanings in the dictionary. The most common is given below.

sumbat
blame, scold, criticize

sumbat
reproach, upbraiding

sinusumbat nila sa akin
they always reminding me of (that thing)

Lagi nilang sinusumbat sa akin ang ibinigay nilang tulong.
They’re always coarsely reminding me of the help they gave.

Huwag mo akong sumbatan.
Don’t scold me.


Cultural note: To engage in sumbat is to ungraciously, even rudely, remind someone of an unpleasant thing that the listener wouldn’t want to hear about. Click here for examples!

HATID

pagsama; pagdadala ng bagay sa bibigyan; pagsubaybay, pagsabay

hatid
escort, accompany

Ihatid mo si Nena sa bahay.
See Nena home.

In Filipino culture, escorting a woman home and making sure she gets through the door safely is very important.

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BOLERO

bolero
flatterer
(male)

bolera
flatterer
(female)

bolero
a man who flatters a woman

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