Important Concepts in Filipino Culture

Mahahalagang Konsepto sa Kulturang Pilipino

pamilya
family

pagtitiwala sa Panginoon
trust in God

pagiging magalang
being respectful, especially to older people

pagtitiis
perseverance, forbearance

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KULIT

pagkamapilit, pagpupumilit; pagtitiyaga, pagtataman; pananatili, pamamalagi; sigasig, sigsa

kulit
stubbornness, peskiness

Ang kulit niya!
He/She just keeps nagging me, bothering me.

makulit
importunate

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MAARTE

The Tagalog word maarte originally meant artful or artsy. But it is now used to describe someone, especially a young woman, who can be nitpicky and by extension pretentious. It has a negative connotation, but not a very strong one.

maarte
pretentious, finicky
fastidious, high maintenance

maarte
persnickety, fussy

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TAMPO

hinampo, maktol; sama ng loob sa isang kaibigan

tampo
sulking, holding a grudge

magtampo
to sulk

matampuhin
prone to sulking

tampurorot / tampururot
tampopot / tampoput
sulker (often a woman)

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PASMA

There is a “folk illness” in the Philippines called pasmá. There is no equivalent medical term in English or Spanish.

The symptoms of pasmá are trembling hands and sweaty palms occurring after strenuous use of the hands in manual labor. Farmers who work in the fields dragging plows, women who handwash laundry, pianists, and athletes frequently suffer from pasmá. Their hands become pasmado (“spasmodic”).
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PIKON

This word is from the Spanish picón (meaning: ‘touchy’ or ‘peevish’).

pikon
quick-tempered, cranky

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GALANG

Galang means respect. It is one of the important moral norms in the Filipino value system. Respect the status of each person. It is imperative that a Filipino show respect by keeping his word of honor.

A true-born Filipino instinctively moves to prevent people from losing face or being mapahiya, thus avoiding conflicts. This norm is often used as a moral injunction against undesirable behavior involving kapwa damdamin (mutual feelings).

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MATARAY

An adjective used to describe women who are contemptuous in speech.

root word: taray, meaning arrogance or snobbishness

Kataray…
(Napakataray…
How prickly…

Ang taray niya!
My, she’s so sassy!


The Tagalog word mataray is used to describe women who answer you back in a sharp, snappy way.

Filipino women are socially expected to be nice and modest. Any woman who answers back bluntly or brusquely is given the label mataray and is associated with pretentiousness and bitchiness.

A Filipina actress who has iconically managed to use her mataray image as an asset is Maricel Soriano.

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