Important Concepts in Filipino Culture

Mahahalagang Konsepto sa Kulturang Pilipino

pamilya
family

pagtitiwala sa Panginoon
trust in God

pagiging magalang
being respectful, especially to older people

pagtitiis
perseverance, forbearance

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PIKON

This word is from the Spanish pic√≥n (meaning: ‘touchy’ or ‘peevish’).

pikon
quick-tempered, cranky

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TAMPO

hinampo, maktol; sama ng loob sa isang kaibigan

tampo
sulking, holding a grudge

magtampo
to sulk

matampuhin
prone to sulking

tampurorot / tampururot
tampopot / tampoput
sulker (often a woman)

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GALANG

Galang means respect. It is one of the important moral norms in the Filipino value system. Respect the status of each person. It is imperative that a Filipino show respect by keeping his word of honor.

A true-born Filipino instinctively moves to prevent people from losing face or being mapahiya, thus avoiding conflicts. This norm is often used as a moral injunction against undesirable behavior involving kapwa damdamin (mutual feelings).

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BOLERO

bolero
flatterer
(male)

bolera
flatterer
(female)

bolero
a man who flatters a woman

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BASTOS

walang-galang, mahalay; magaspang, bulgar, mumurahin

bastos
rude, impertinent
impolite, vulgar

If you tell a woman a crude joke, you are very bastos. To answer back to your grandmother or anyone older than you is bastos in Filipino culture.

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MALAMBING

root word: lambing

malambing
affectionate
(caring in words too,
but often touchy-feely)

malambing
sweet and warm in caressing,
shows fondness and tenderness

Malambing ang pusa.
The cat is affectionate.
(It sweetly rubs itself against you.)

Malalambing ang mga Pilipina.
Filipinas are affectionate.

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MAARTE

maarte
pretentious, finicky
fastidious, “high maintenance

maarte
persnickety, fussy

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