Important Concepts in Filipino Culture

Mahahalagang Konsepto sa Kulturang Pilipino

pamilya
family

pagtitiwala sa Panginoon
trust in God

pagiging magalang
being respectful, especially to older people

pagtitiis
perseverance, forbearance

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KULIT

pagkamapilit, pagpupumilit; pagtitiyaga, pagtataman; pananatili, pamamalagi; sigasig, sigsa

kulit
stubbornness, peskiness

Ang kulit niya!
He/She just keeps nagging me, bothering me.

makulit
importunate

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MATARAY

An adjective used to describe women who are contemptuous in speech.

root word: taray, meaning arrogance or snobbishness

Ang taray niya!
My, she’s so sassy!


The Tagalog word mataray is used to describe women who answer you back in a sharp, snappy way.

Filipino women are socially expected to be nice and modest. Any woman who answers back bluntly or brusquely is given the label mataray and is associated with pretentiousness and bitchiness.

A Filipina actress who has iconically managed to use her mataray image as an asset is Maricel Soriano.

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BASTOS

walang-galang, mahalay; magaspang, bulgar, mumurahin

bastos
rude, impertinent
impolite, vulgar

If you tell a woman a crude joke, you are very bastos. To answer back to your grandmother or anyone older than you is bastos in Filipino culture.

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MALANDI

root word: landi

malandi
flirtatious, sensuous

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MANYAKIS

derived from the English ‘sex maniac’

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MAARTE

maarte
pretentious, finicky
fastidious, “high maintenance

maarte
persnickety, fussy

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NINGAS

This word is almost always seen only in the phrase ningas-kugon (ningas kugon), which means “flaming cogon grass” or figuratively, quickly going up in flames. It refers to the Filipino cultural trait of very enthusiastically starting things, but then quickly losing enthusiasm soon after.

ningas
flame

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