BATA

Make a clear distinction between bata and anak.

bata
a child

anak
someone’s child

Matalino ang bata.
The child is smart.

Matalino ang anak ko.
My child is smart.

mga bata
children

mga anak ko
my children

pilyong bata
a bratty child

batang lansangan
homeless child

batang lalaki
male child, boy

batang babae
female child, girl


The Tagalog word bata is also used as an adjective meaning ‘young.’

batang-bata
very young

Noong bata pa ako…
When I was still young…

Ang kasalungat ng salitang bata ay matanda.
The opposite of the word young is old.


Slang meaning:

bata
employee

bata ng pulitiko
a politician’s flunky