Vocabulary List: Shapes

mga hugis
shapes

 
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‘Friend’ in Tagalog

The Tagalog word for ‘friend’ is
kaibigan.

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KAMUSTA o KUMUSTA

The word comes from the Spanish phrase ¿Cómo está?

The standard Tagalog spelling is Kumusta, but most Filipinos now use Kamusta.

Kamusta?
What’s up?

Kamusta ka?
How are you?
(don’t use with old people)

Kamusta ka na?
How have you been?
= “What’s up?”

Kamusta na po kayo?
How are you?
(polite version for older people)

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Days of the Week

Mga Araw ng Linggo / Days of the Week

The Tagalog word linggo means both “week” and “Sunday” — in the latter case, it is written capitalized.

Use sa to say ‘on’ a certain day.

 

Lunes
Monday

 

Martes
Tuesday

 

Miyerkules
Wednesday

 

Huwebes
Thursday

 

Biyernes
Friday

 

Sabado
Saturday

 

Linggo
Sunday

 

Sa Lunes
On Monday

  

Sa Martes
On Tuesday

  

Sa Miyerkules
On Wednesday

  

Sa Huwebes
On Thursday
  

Sa Biyernes
On Friday

  

Sa Sabado
On Saturday

  

Sa Linggo
On Sunday

NG (“of” )

ng

By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)

 

anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)

 

ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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Filipino Slang – Inverted Syllables

These are examples of Filipino slang words formed from the switching of the order of the syllables of the original words.

tsikot, from kotse
car

goli, from ligo
to take a bath

golets, from the English phrase
Let’s go.

astig, from tigas
tough

gasmati, from matigas
hard-headed or stubborn

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Colors in Tagalog

The Tagalog word for ‘color’ is kulay.

itim
black

putî
white

dilaw
yellow

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Vocabulary: Body Parts

Mga Bahagi ng Katawan
Parts of the Body

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