Colors in Tagalog

The Tagalog word for ‘color’ is kulay.

itim
black

putî
white

dilaw
yellow

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Holy Week in Tagalog

In San Fernando, Pampanga, and also in a few other towns in the Philippines, Christ’s crucifixion is reenacted, with volunteers happy to have themselves actually nailed to a cross.

Kwaresma / Kuwaresma
Lent

Semana Santa
= Mahal na Araw
Holy Week

Domingo de Ramos
Linggo ng Palaspas
Palm Sunday

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‘Friend’ in Tagalog

The Tagalog word for ‘friend’ is
kaibigan.

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KAMUSTA o KUMUSTA

The word comes from the Spanish phrase ¿Cómo está?

The standard Tagalog spelling is Kumusta, but most Filipinos now use Kamusta.

Kamusta?
What’s up?

Kamusta ka?
How are you?
(don’t use with old people)

Kamusta ka na?
How have you been?
= “What’s up?”

Kamusta na po kayo?
How are you?
(polite version for older people)

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NG (“of” )

ng

By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)

 

anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)

 

ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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Tagalog Numbers 11 – 20

The Tagalog word for ‘number’ is bilang. The Filipino word is numero.

Labing-isa, labing-dalawa, labing-tatlo

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Vocabulary List: Flowers

bulaklak = flower
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Vocabulary List: Insects

insekto
insect

mga insekto
insects

langgam
ant

bubuyog
bee

langaw
a fly

ipis
cockroach

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