Unique in Tagalog is ng which as a letter of the alphabet is pronounced ‘nga.’
The nga sound may seem difficult at first, but if you can say ‘sing along’ in English and slur those two words together, you’ll have no problem with nga in Tagalog after some practice chopping off ‘si’ from the beginning and ‘long’ from the end of ‘singalong.’
now (today) ngipin
to have the mouth agape nguso
a look pangit
By itself, ng
serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences.
An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.
Continue reading “Pronunciation ‘Ng’ and ‘Nga’”
The Tagalog word for ‘consonant’ is katinig. There are 23 consonants in the official Filipino alphabet. Here are the 15 basic consonants in the Tagalog abakada:
b k d g h l m n ng p r s t w y
ba ka da ga ha la ma na nga pa ra sa ta wa ya
Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants b-h:
b=ba – bahay (house)
k=ka – kahon (box)
d=da – dagat (ocean)
g=ga – gatas (milk)
h=ha – hayop (animal)
Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants l-p:
l=la – lasa (taste)
m=ma – mais (corn)
n=na – nanay (mother)
ng=nga – ngayon (now)
p=pa – payat (thin)
Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants r-y:
r=ra – ranggo (military rank)
s=sa – sabaw (broth)
t=ta – tama (right)
w=wa – walis (broom)
y=ya – yaya (babysitter)
Tagalog words with the same spelling can have two different meanings depending on the pronunciation.
Notice the difference between basa (a verb meaning ‘to read’) and basâ (an adjective meaning ‘wet’).
read (verb) basâ
Basahin mo ito.
Basâ ang upuan.
The seat is wet.
The Tagalog word for ‘pronunciation’ is pagbigkas
Tagalog words may be spelled the same but can have two different meanings depending on the pronunciation.
For example, notice the difference between bukas (an adverb meaning ‘tomorrow’) and bukás (an adjective meaning ‘open’). The accent is placed on a different syllable.
Continue reading “Bukas (Tomorrow) and Bukás (Open)”
Matutong magsalita ng Tagalog.
Learn to speak Tagalog.
Dito sa “Tagalog Lang.”
Here at “Tagalog Lang.”
Please don’t pronounce “Tagalog” like the English word ‘tagalong’ — No!
Notice the difference between buhay (a noun meaning ‘life’) and buháy (an adjective meaning ‘alive’). The accent is placed on a different syllable.
Mahirap ang buhay.
Life is hard.
Buháy pa ba siya?
Is he/she still alive?
Examples of Tagalog words where the initial letter is one of the five vowels:
Listen to the pronunciation.
e – ekis (the letter x)
i – ibon (bird)
o – oras (time)
u – uod (worm)
Continue reading “Tagalog Vowels”