TAPOS

tapos
(stress on first syllable)
done, complete, finished

Kumain kami…. tapos nagpahinga.
We ate… and then rested.


tapós
(accent on second syllable)
to have finished something

 

Tapós na ako.
I’m done.

Tapós na kami.
We’re done.

Tapós ka na ba?
Are you done?

Sa wakas, tapós na ako.
Finally, I’m done!

Tapós na ang bakasyon.
Vacation is over.

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Pronunciation ‘Ng’ and ‘Nga’

Unique in Tagalog is ng which as a letter of the alphabet is pronounced ‘nga.’

The nga sound may seem difficult at first, but if you can say ‘sing along’ in English and slur those two words together, you’ll have no problem with nga in Tagalog after some practice chopping off ‘si’ from the beginning and ‘long’ from the end of ‘singalong.’

ngayon
now (today)

ngipin
tooth

nganga
to have the mouth agape

nguso
snout

tingin
a look

pangit
ugly

 

bangus
milkfish

 

By itself,
ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences.

 
An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

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How to Pronounce Tagalog

Tagalog
Tagalog

Tagalog
Tagalog

Tagalog lang
Tagalog only

Matutong magsalita ng Tagalog.
Learn to speak Tagalog.

Dito sa “Tagalog Lang.”
Here at “Tagalog Lang.”

Please don’t pronounce “Tagalog” like the English word ‘tagalong’ — No!

Bukas (Tomorrow) and Bukás (Open)

Tagalog words may be spelled the same but can have two different meanings depending on the pronunciation.

For example, notice the difference between bukas (an adverb meaning ‘tomorrow’) and bukás (an adjective meaning ‘open’). The accent is placed on a different syllable.
 

bukas
tomorrow (adverb)

 
 

bukás
open  (adjective)

 
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Tagalog Consonants

The Tagalog word for ‘consonant’ is katinig. There are 23 consonants in the official Filipino alphabet. Here are the 15 basic consonants in the Tagalog abakada:

b k d g h l m n ng p r s t w y
ba ka da ga ha la ma na nga pa ra sa ta wa ya

Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants b-h:

b=babahay (house)

k=kakahon (box)

d=dadagat (ocean)

g=ga gatas (milk)

h=hahayop (animal)

Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants l-p:

l=la lasa (taste)

m=ma mais (corn)

n=nananay (mother)

ng=nga ngayon (now)

p=pa payat (thin)

Pronunciation of Tagalog words: consonants r-y:

r=raranggo (military rank)

s=sa sabaw (broth)

t=ta tama (right)

w=wa walis (broom)

y=ya yaya (babysitter)

Practice Buhay (Life) and Buháy (Alive)

Notice the difference between buhay (a noun meaning ‘life’) and buháy (an adjective meaning ‘alive’). The accent is placed on a different syllable.

buhay
life (noun)

buháy
alive (adjective)

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Practice Basa (Read) and Basâ (Wet)

Tagalog words with the same spelling can have two different meanings depending on the pronunciation.

Notice the difference between basa (a verb meaning ‘to read’) and basâ (an adjective meaning ‘wet’).

 

basa
read (verb)

basâ
wet (adjective)

 


 

basa
read (verb)

 

Basahin mo ito.
Read this.

 


 

basâ
wet (adjective)

 

Basâ ang upuan.
The seat is wet.

 


 
The Tagalog word for ‘pronunciation’ is pagbigkas.

Tagalog Vowels

Examples of Tagalog words where the initial letter is one of the five vowels:

Listen to the pronunciation.

aatin (ours)

eekis (the letter x)

i ibon (bird)

ooras (time)

uuod (worm)

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