The Tagalog word sa is a preposition that can mean to, at, in, for or on, depending on the context.

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NG (“of” )


By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)


anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)


ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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How to Be Polite in Tagalog

Maging Magalang = Be Polite

When talking to people older than you, the easiest way to make your sentences polite is to add po, usually at the end.

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Usage of “naka-” in Tagalog

In one usage, the prefix naka- expresses the idea of wearing the article of clothing, accessory, or color that is designated by the noun that naka- attaches to.

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Usage of ‘mag-‘ in Tagalog

The Tagalog prefix mag- is used to verbalize nouns. You can translate it as ‘do’ in most cases, but the meaning depends on the context. This is very useful because you can put it in front of English nouns. Filipinos do this all the time! That’s why when you hear them speaking Tagalog, there seems to be a lot of English words sprinkled in.

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The Tagalog word si is what grammarians call a “personal topic marker.”

In Tagalog, you use it in front of a proper name. It’s something you don’t need in English, but you must remember to use it in Tagalog!

Si Andrew
= Andrew

Si Andrew ay matangkad.
Andrew is tall.

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Make Words Plural in Tagalog

To make a word plural in Tagalog, use mga before it.

It is pronounced “mah-nga.”


mga bata

mga tao

mga nanay

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Common Tagalog Abbreviations

Abbreviations: Shortened Forms of Tagalog Words

at iba pa = atbp
and others (et cetera) = etc

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