NANG

This is a conjunction.

nang
when, so that

Nagulat ako nang nakita ko sila.
I was shocked when I saw them.

Kumain ka, nang (sa ganoon ay) hindi ka magutom.
Eat, so that you won’t go hungry.

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SA

The Tagalog word sa is a preposition that can mean to, at, in, for or on, depending on the context.

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Superlative Form of Adjectives

The Tagalog word for ‘adjective’ is pang-uri.

SUPERLATIVE FORM OF TAGALOG ADJECTIVES

pinaka-
the most ~

pinakamaganda
the most beautiful

pinakamatalino
the smartest

Ito ang pinakamalinis.
This is the cleanest.

Siya ang pinakamalakas.
She/He is the strongest.

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How to Be Polite in Tagalog

Maging Magalang = Be Polite

When talking to people older than you, the easiest way to make your sentences polite is to add po, usually at the end.

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NI

The Tagalog word ni is placed before names. It can be translated as ‘of’ in certain contexts.

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NG (“of” )

ng

By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)

 

anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)

 

ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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Usage of “naka-” in Tagalog

In one usage, the prefix naka- expresses the idea of wearing the article of clothing, accessory, or color that is designated by the noun that naka- attaches to.

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Usage of ‘mag-‘ in Tagalog

The Tagalog prefix mag- is used to verbalize nouns. You can translate it as ‘do’ in most cases, but the meaning depends on the context. This is very useful because you can put it in front of English nouns. Filipinos do this all the time! That’s why when you hear them speaking Tagalog, there seems to be a lot of English words sprinkled in.

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