NINYO

The word ninyo is what grammarians call a “genitive pronoun.”

It works like a plural version of mo (‘you’).

Talking to one person:

Anong ginagawa mo?
What are you doing?

Talking to two or more persons:

Anong ginagawa ninyo?
What are you doing?

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NI

The Tagalog word ni is placed before names. It can be translated as ‘of’ in certain contexts.

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PAKI-

The prefix
paki- is used to denote a request for a  favor. It is the easiest way to say ‘please’ in Tagalog. Just put it in front of verbs.

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SI

The Tagalog word si is what grammarians call a “personal topic marker.”

In Tagalog, you use it in front of a proper name. It’s something you don’t need in English, but you must remember to use it in Tagalog!

Si Andrew
= Andrew

Si Andrew ay matangkad.
Andrew is tall.

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TAGA

The word taga has multiple meanings in the Tagalog language.

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NANG

This is a conjunction.

nang
when, so that

Nagulat ako nang nakita ko sila.
I was shocked when I saw them.

Kumain ka, nang (sa ganoon ay) hindi ka magutom.
Eat, so that you won’t go hungry.

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NAKA-

This is not a standalone word, but a prefix.

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Of Equal Degree

magkasing-
(affix the noun form)
as ___________ as
“having the same attribute”

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