How to Be Polite in Tagalog

Maging Magalang = Be Polite

When talking to people older than you, the easiest way to make your sentences polite is to add po, usually at the end.

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NG (“of” )

ng

By itself, ng serves as a possessive or genitive marker in Tagalog sentences. An easy way to look at one of its uses is to see it as meaning ‘of’ in English.

balat ng hayop
skin of an animal
(animal’s skin)

 

anak ng babae
child of a woman
(a woman’s child)

 

ulo ng tao
head of a person
(a person’s head)

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SA

The Tagalog word sa is a preposition that can mean to, at, in, for or on, depending on the context.

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SI

The Tagalog word si is what grammarians call a “personal topic marker.”

In Tagalog, you use it in front of a proper name. It’s something you don’t need in English, but you must remember to use it in Tagalog!

Si Andrew
= Andrew

Si Andrew ay matangkad.
Andrew is tall.

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Make Words Plural in Tagalog

To make a word plural in Tagalog, use mga before it.

It is pronounced “mah-nga.”

 

mga bata
children

mga tao
people

mga nanay
mothers

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Common Tagalog Abbreviations

Abbreviations: Shortened Forms of Tagalog Words

at iba pa = atbp
and others (et cetera) = etc

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Of Equal Degree

magkasing-
(affix the noun form)
as ___________ as
“having the same attribute”

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PINAKA-

The prefix pinaka- is used to form superlative adjectives.

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