vow, promise, oath

panatang makabayan
patriotic oath

During Holy Week in the Philippines in March or April, many Filipinos perform a panata, which has come to mean a repayment for a prayer or wish that was granted.

For example, if a man suffers from a terminal disease like cancer, he will promise God that he will make a panata if he gets cured. When a miracle happens and he is cured, he will perform a panata during Holy Week, usually on Good Friday.

One popular form of panata for Filipino Catholics is to whip their backs in flagellation until the skin bleeds. They walk the streets with a crown of thorns placed on their heads. Other devotees have themselves crucified on wooden crosses using steel nails.

The place in the Philippines most famous for this serious devotion is Barangay San Pedro Cutud in the city of San Fernando in Pampanga province.