scientific name: Momordica charantia

bitter melon

bitter gourd

dahon ng ampalaya
leaves of the bitter melon

The plant is a vine with tendrils.  The fruit is notable for having green, thickly wrinkled skin and tasting very bitter.  A popular Filipino preparation of ampalaya in the Philippines is to stir-fry slices of the gourd with ground beef.

Ampalaya may also be included in the Filipino dish pinakbet, a vegetable stew that includes bagoong as a main flavoring.