a cooking method that includes vinegar, soy sauce, garlic, pepper and bay leaf

from the Spanish adobo, meaning seasoning or marinade

An adobo in Spanish is a marinade or seasoning mix. Meat that has been seasoned with adobo mix is described as being adobada.

When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines, they saw a native cooking process that involved vinegar. They referred to it as "adobo." And eventually even Filipinos began using the term. That's the difference between Spanish and Filipino adobo!

adobong pusit
squid cooked adobo style

adobong baboy
pork adobo

adobong manok
chicken adobo

adobong balut
fertilized eggs stewed adobo style

adobong tahong
mussels adobo

adobong mani
peanuts cooked adobo style

adobong atay
liver adobo

adobong talaba
oysters cooked adobo style

The most popular vegetable adobo is adobong kangkong.